2018考研英语一大作文指导考生须从多样化角度分析问题

考研英语真题答案 来源:跨考教育 2017-12-25 
 

一如既往,今年的英语一还是考查了图画作文。B节作文的评分重点在于内容完整性、文章的组织连贯性、语法结构及词汇的多样性与语言的准确性。就我看来,今年英语一大作文考查有难度。首先,图画的描述比较难。从表面上看,本篇作文的题目或题材似乎是大家都十分熟悉的。但实际上对考生提出了更高的要求。作为即将接受研究生教育的高校学生,必须学会从多样化或较为复杂的角度来考虑和分析、解决问题,因为生活中的许多问题绝非低层次作文中“问题-原因-解决”的“单一链条”关系那样简单。

按照要求,本作文需要包括三个组成部分:(1)描述图画;(2)分析图画的用意或内在含义;(3)就此话题表达个人的观点或提出建议。

(1)描述图画:描写或描述的一般要求是“准确”和“生动”。这里考虑到文章写作的因素,还要增加一个“合理”方面的考虑。正如图画所描述的那样,一个同学在选课时陷入犹豫之中。他在考虑是选择“知识新、重创新和有难度”的,还是选择“给分高、易通过和作业少”。

(2)分析图画的用意或内在含义:图画的描述仅仅是文章的“切入点”,分析才是文章的核心所在。如果说准确、生动、合理是对描述的基本要求的话,那么,系统、深入则是对于分析得基本要求。所谓“系统”首先是要承接上文,以对图画中关于“选择”展开分析。这样才能保证文章从内容到形式的系统性或整体性。其次,分析必须循着“选择”这一线索展开。所谓“深入”,是指分析要透彻,要触及问题的实质。选择很重要,选择之后的坚持和努力更重要。

(3)就此话题表达个人的观点或提出建议:发表个人观点时,重要的是要考虑到观点的“中的”和“合理”。观点应切中要害、尽管本篇作文的观点会因人而异,但大体上应该包括这样几点:一是合理选择;二是坚持努力;三是培养学生面临困难和挑战的能力。

同以往的命题写作一样,应注意:1)突出中心。避免偏颇。2)结构完整。三个大的组成部分不能缺少,每个组成部分所占的比重要合理。3)避免错误。拼写、语法等方面要小心,尽量避免不应有的错误。4)句式变换。尽量避免用同样的句式写作,否则会给人以单一、乏味的感觉。当然,句式的变换不是为了变换本身,而是为了更好地表达思想,为了读者更好地理解。5)增加“亮点”。写作中应该通过精准的表述、适度的引用等方式制造“亮点”,以加深读者的印象。由于考生的“读者”就是阅卷人,这种“亮点”自然有利于提高作文的成绩。

从今年的考题来看,跨考教育谷老师认为:历年的考研写作准备,一定要以真题为主!从近些年的考频来说,牢记“真题为重”!比如2005和2014年都考到了“养老”的问题;今年的主题跟2013年的“选择”联系紧密。另外,2009年考到的“网络”跟2015年考过的“手机”也有很多关联。所以,大家一定要重视真题!

附例文

Directions:

Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the picture below. In your essay, you should

1) describe the picture briefly,

2) interpret the meaning, and

3) give your comments.

Write your answer neatly on the ANSWER SHEET (20 points)

In front of a desktop sits a young boy who is staring at the screen and selecting the curriculum. Apparently, a trace of hesitancy showed in his eyes. He is considering whether to choose the courses which are high scored, easily passed with less homework, or to choose those that contain new knowledge, focus on creating and are difficult to learn.

The implication echoed by this cartoon can be summarized as a philosophic topic in our daily life:the success of a man is closely related to the choice made by himself. Nevertheless, I cherish a belief that we cannot tell whether the selection is good or not, and as long as we adhere to our decision, success will be realized step by step. Although making a choice is essential to help determine the direction of our way, judged from the personal aspect, persistence functions as an indispensable driving force to keep up our spirit and to assist us to fulfill our study and work. However, some people, pacing up and down, are not industrious and try to find a short-cut success. In fact, only those who are hard-working and brave enough to encounter obstacles of all sorts are most likely to reach the summit of success.

Accordingly, persistence and making our own decision rationally are badly needed in every aspect of our society. In order to bring out this potential capability, our education system is supposed to be reformed fundamentally, focusing on cultivating the ability of confronting challenges. As an old saying goes:“No pain, no gain.”

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